The First Man to Walk on the Moon
Neil Armstrong: The First Man to Walk on the Moon
uk canada goose Neil Armstrong is considered one of the greatest heroes of the space age, earning renown within the United States and the world over for being the first person to land a spacecraft on the Moon and the first person to set foot on the Lunar surface. But what is the story behind the man? As with all heroes and inspiration figures, the road that led to his famous declaration “One small step for [a] man,” began early on in his life. uk canada goose
Neil was born on August 5, 1930, in Auglaize County near Wapakoneta, Ohio to Stephen Koenig Armstrong and Viola Louise Engel. His father worked as an auditor for the Ohio government, which meant that the family moved around quite a lot during Neil’s formative years. In fact, the Armstrong’s lived in a total of 20 towns for the first few years of Neil’s life.
canadian goose jacket From an early age, Neil demonstrated a deep passion for flying. When he was just two years canadian goose jacket old, his father took him to the Cleveland Air Races. On July 20, 1936, when he was five, he experienced his first airplane flight in Warren, Ohio, where he and his father took a ride in a Ford Trimotor airplane (also known as the “Tin Goose”). canadian goose jacket
The 1929 Ford Tri Motor, which Armstrong flew in with his father on July 20th, 1936, on display at Purdue Airport. Credit: Experimental Aircraft AssociationAs a child, Armstrong was also active in the Boy Scouts and obtained the rank of Eagle Scout. As a teenager, he began taking flying lessons and worked at the local airport and at other odd jobs in order to pay for it. At the age of 16, before he even had his driver’s license, Neil earned his pilot’s license and began down the path that would eventually take him into space.
canada goose uk shop At the age of 17, Armstrong went off to study aeronautical engineering. Although he had been accepted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he decided instead to go to Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, in order to be closer to home. Navy, before completed the final canada goose store two years of their degree program. canada goose canada goose clearance sale uk shop
buy canada goose jacket In January of 1949, at the age of 18, Armstrong was called up for military service and went off to cheap Canada Goose the Naval Air Station in Pensacola, Florida, to begin his flight training. This lasted almost 18 months, during which time he qualified for carrier landing aboard canada goose coats on sale the USSCabot and USSWright. On August 16th, 1950, two weeks after his 20th birthday, Armstrong was informed by letter that he was a fully qualified buy canada goose jacket cheap Naval Aviator. buy canada goose jacket
cheap Canada Goose Two F9F 2 canada goose black friday sale Panthers over Korea, with Armstrong piloting S 116 (left). Navy National Museum of Naval AviationIn June 1951, the carrier he had been assigned to canada goose clearance the USS Essex set sail for Korea, where his unit (VF 51, an all jet squadron) would act as a Canada Goose online ground attack squadron. In the course of the war, he flew 78 missions and accumulated approximately 121 hours of combat experience. His plane was shot down once, but Armstrong managed to eject and was rescued without incident or serious injury. cheap Canada Goose
For his service to his country, he received several commendations, including the Air Medal for his first 20 combat missions, a Gold Star for the next 20, and the Korean Service Medal and Engagement Star. Naval Reserve. He remained in the reserve for eight years, then resigned his commission on October 21st, 1960.
Canada Goose Outlet After his service in Korea, Armstrong canada goose coats returned to his studies Canada Goose Jackets at Purdue. In 1955, he was awarded a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering, and a Master of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Southern California in 1970. Armstrong would also be awarded honorary doctorates by several universities later on in life. Canada Goose Outlet
buy canada goose jacket cheap Armstrong, at the age of 30, pictured in front of X 15 1 Canada Goose sale after a research flight in 1960. Credit: NASAIt was also during his time at Purdue that Armstrong met Janet Elizabeth Shearon, the woman he would go on to marry. After graduating, the two moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where Armstrong was working at the National canada goose outlet Advisory Committee for Aeronautics’ (NACA) Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory as a research test pilot. The two married on January 28th, 1956, at the Congregational Church in Wilmette, Illinois. buy canada goose jacket cheap
After 18 months, the Armstrongs moved to Edwards Air Force Base in California where he began working for the NACA’s High Speed Flight Station. While there, he flew multiple experimental aircraft, including the Bell X 1B, the T 33 Shooting Star, the Lockheed F 104, and the North American X 15. He also met legendary test pilot Chuck Yeager, and was involved in several incidents that went down in Andrew’s AFB folklore.
In September of 1962, Armstrong joined the NASA Astronaut Corps as part of what the press dubbed “the New Nine” a group of nine astronauts that http://www.canadagoosecanadaoutlet.com were selected for the Gemini and Apollo programs. These programs, which were the successor to the Mercury Program which sought to place an astronaut in orbit (popularized by the movie The Right Stuff) were designed with the intent of conducting long term space flights and a manned mission to the Moon.
canada goose clearance The Agena Target Vehicle as seen from Gemini 8 during rendezvous. Credit: NASANeil’s first mission to space would take place four years later, on March 16th, 1966, aboard a Titan II spacecraft, with Neil acting as Command Pilot and fellow astronaut David Scott as Pilot. Known as Gemini 8, this mission was the most complex mission to date, involving a rendezvous and docking with an unmanned Agena target vehicle, and some extra vehicular activity (EVA) being performed. canada goose clearance
canada goose coats on sale The docking procedure was a success, but due to mechanical failure, the mission had to be cut short. On September 12th, 1966, Armstrong served as the Capsule Communicator (CAPCOM) for the Gemini 11 mission, remaining in communication with astronauts Pete Conrad and Dick Gordon as they conducted spacecraft rendezvous and EVA operations. canada goose coats on sale
On April 5th, 1967, just three and half months after the Apollo 1 fire took place, Deke Slayton one of the Mercury Seven astronauts and NASA’s first Chief of the Astronaut Office brought Armstrong and many other veterans of project Gemini together and told that they would be flying the first Lunar missions.
cheap canada goose uk Apollo 11 Crew Photo, showing Neil Armstrong (left), Buzz Aldrin (right), and Michael Collins (middle). Credit: NASAOver the next six months, Armstrong and the other astronauts began training for a possible trip to the Moon, and Neil was named backup commander for the Apollo 8 mission. On December 23rd, 1968, as Apollo 8 orbited the Moon, Slayton informed Armstrong that he would be commander for the Apollo 11 mission, joined by Buzz Aldrin as lunar module pilot and Michael Collins as command module pilot. EDT local time). Thousands of people crowded the highways and beaches near the launch site to watch canada goose the Saturn V rocket ascend into the sky. Millions more watched from home, and President Richard M. Nixon viewed the proceedings from the Oval Office at the White House. cheap canada goose uk
The rocket entered the Earth’s orbit some twelve minutes later. After one and a half orbits, the S IVB third stage engine pushed the spacecraft onto its trajectory toward the Moon. After 30 minutes, the command/service module pair separated from this last remaining Saturn V stage, docked with the Lunar Module, and the combined spacecraft headed for the Moon.
canada goose black friday sale The Apollo 11 Command and Service Modules (CSM) are photographed from the Lunar Module (LM) in lunar orbit during the Apollo 11 lunar landing mission. Credit: NASAOn July 19th at 17:21:50 UTC, Apollo 11 passed behind the Moon and fired its service propulsion engine to enter lunar orbit. On July 20th, the Lunar Module Eagle separated from the Command Module Columbia, and the crew commenced their Lunar descent. When Armstrong looked outside, he saw that the computer’s landing target was in a boulder strewn area which he judged to be unsafe. As such, he took over manual control of the LM, and the craft landed at 20:17:40 UTC with only 25 seconds of fuel left. canada goose black friday sale
Canada Goose sale Armstrong then radioed to Mission Control and announced their arrival by saying: “Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed.” Once the crew had gone through their checklist and depressurized the cabin, the Eagles’ hatch was opened and Armstrong began walking down the ladder to the Lunar surface first. Canada Goose sale
canada goose When he reached the bottom of the ladder, Armstrong said: “I’m going to step off the LEM now” (referring to the Lunar Excursion Module). He then turned and set his left boot on the surface of the Moon at 2:56 UTC July 21st, 1969, and spoke the famous words “That’s one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind.” canada goose
canada goose uk outlet About 20minutes after the first step, Aldrin joined Armstrong on the surface and became the second human to set foot on the Moon. The duo then began their tasks of unveiling a plaque commemorating their flight,setting up the Early Apollo Scientific Experiment Package, and planting the flag of the United States. The crew then returned to the LM and blasted off, commencing their return trip to Earth. canada goose uk outlet
Neil Armstrong is visible Canada Goose Outlet in the helmet of Buzz Aldrin during the Apollo 11 landing in July 1969. Credit: NASAUpon returning to Earth, the Apollo 11 crew went on a 45 day tour around the world called the “Giant Leap” tour. Armstrong also traveled to the Soviet Union to talk at the 13th annual conference of the International Committee on Space Research. While there, he met Valentina Tereshkova (the first female astronaut to go into space), PremierAlexei Kosygin, and was given a tour of the Yuri GagarinCosmonaut Training Center.
Shortly after the Apollo 11 mission, Armstrong announced that he did not intend to fly in space again; and in 1971, resigned from NASA. He then buy canada goose jacket settled into a life of teaching, accepting a position in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. After eight years, he resigned. He also spent much of this time acting as a corporate spokesperson and serving on the board of directors of several companies.
During his post Apollo years, Armstrong also served on two spaceflight accident Canada Goose Parka investigations. The first took place in 1970,where he served as part of the panel that investigated the Apollo 13 mission, presented a detailed chronology of the mission and made recommendations. In 1986, President Reagan appointed him as vice chairman of the Rogers Commission to investigate the Space shuttle Challenger disaster of that year.
Neil Armstrong was buried at sea on Sept. 14th, 2012. The ceremony took place on board the USS Philippine Sea (CG 58) in the Atlantic Ocean. Credit: NASAIn 2012, Armstrong underwent vascular bypass surgery to relieve blocked coronary arteries. Although he was reportedly recovering well, he died on August 25th, in Cincinnati, Ohio. Navy ceremonial guard draped an American flag over his ashes before commended them to the sea.
Canada Goose Coats On Sale For his years of service, Armstrong has received numerous medals including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Congressional Space Medal of Honor, the Congressional Gold Medal, the Robert J. Collier Trophy, and the Sylvanus Thayer Award. Canada Goose Coats On Sale
Neil Armstrong has had over a dozen elementary, middle and high schools named in his honor, and many streets, buildings, schools, and other places around the world have been named in honor of Armstrong and/or the Apollo 11 mission. The lunar crater Armstrong, which sits approx. 50 km (31miles) from the Apollo11 landing site, and asteroid 6469 Armstrong are named in his honor.